# Response of a triangular array

Series | Geophysical References Series |
---|---|

Title | Problems in Exploration Seismology and their Solutions |

Author | Lloyd P. Geldart and Robert E. Sheriff |

Chapter | 8 |

Pages | 253 - 294 |

DOI | http://dx.doi.org/10.1190/1.9781560801733 |

ISBN | ISBN 9781560801153 |

Store | SEG Online Store |

## Problem 8.10a

The tapered array [1, 2, 3, 3, 2, 1] =[1, 1, 1, 1] * [1, 1, 1] is called a *triangular array*. Use this fact to sketch the array response.

### Background

We use the notation to represent a continuous function of the variable while the notation denotes a digital function, that is, the result of sampling a continuous function at a fixed sampling interval (see problem 9.4).

The triangular array is also used to approximate a *cosine array* where successive elements are weighted as equally spaced samples of the first half-cycle of a cosine function.

The notation denotes the convolution of and (see problem 9.2). The convolution is given by the summation in equation (9.2b), namely

**(**)

### Solution

We get for the convolution:

The response of this array to a harmonic signal is shown in Figure 8.10a.

## Problem 8.10b

How could three strings of geophones, each having four equally spaced elements, be laid out to yield a triangular array?

### Solution

Number six geophone locations 1 through 6 and lay the first string (see problem 8.13) of four geophones from position 1 to position 4, the second string from 2 to 5, and the third string from 3 to 6. This give the array 1, 2, 3, 3, 2, 1.

## Problem 8.10c

How could a smoother tapered array be approximated?

### Solution

We could achieve a smoother array by spacing the geophones unequally such that each represents an equal portion of the area under the desired array response curve, as illustrated in Figure 8.10c.

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Directivity of marine arrays | Noise tests |

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## Also in this chapter

- Effect of too many groups connected to the cable
- Reflection-point smear for dipping reflectors
- Stacking charts
- Attenuation of air waves
- Maximum array length for given apparent velocity
- Response of a linear array
- Directivities of linear arrays and linear sources
- Tapered arrays
- Directivity of marine arrays
- Response of a triangular array
- Noise tests
- Selecting optimum field methods
- Optimizing field layouts
- Determining vibroseis parameters
- Selecting survey parameters
- Effect of signal/noise ratio on event picking
- Interpreting uphole surveys
- Weathering and elevation (near-surface) corrections
- Determining static corrections from first breaks
- Determining reflector location
- Blondeau weathering corrections