Poststack processing

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Seismic Data Analysis
Series Investigations in Geophysics
Author Öz Yilmaz
ISBN ISBN 978-1-56080-094-1
Store SEG Online Store

A typical poststack processing sequence includes the following steps:

  1. Deconvolution after stack (field data examples) is usually applied to restore high frequencies attenuated by CMP stacking. It also is often effective in suppressing reverberations and short-period multiples. Figure 1.5-21 shows the CMP stack as in Figure 1.5-20 after spiking deconvolution.
  2. Although not included in the processing sequence for the Caspian data example in this section, often, time-variant spectral whitening (the problem of nonstationarity) is used to further flatten the spectrum and accounts for the time-variant character of the source waveform.
  3. Time-variant band-pass filtering (the 1-D Fourier transform) is then used to remove noise at the high- and low-frequency end of the signal spectrum (Figure 1.5-22).
  4. The basic processing sequence sometimes includes a step for attenuation of random noise uncorrelated from trace to trace (noise and multiple attenuation).
  5. Finally, some type of display gain is applied to the stacked data (Figure 1.5-23). For true amplitude preservation, time-variant scaling of stacked amplitudes is avoided; instead, a relative amplitude compensation function that is constant from trace to trace is applied. This is a slow time-varying gain function that amplifies weak late reflections without destroying the amplitude relationships from trace to trace that may be caused by subsurface reflectivity.

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Poststack processing
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