Effect of station angle on location errors
|Series||Geophysical References Series|
|Title||Problems in Exploration Seismology and their Solutions|
|Author||Lloyd P. Geldart and Robert E. Sheriff|
|Pages||221 - 252|
|Store||SEG Online Store|
If the error in Shoran time measurements is , what is the the size of the parallelogram of error in Figure 7.2a when (a) and (b) ? Take the velocity of radio waves as km/s.
Shoran is a radio-navigation device which measures the 2-way traveltime between the point of observation and a fixed station. Using two fixed stations, the point of observation can be located by swinging arcs centered at the two stations; for large distances the arcs become nearly straight lines.
The traveltimes are subject to error , so the ranges are , , 2. Swinging the four arcs corresponding to these time values, we get a parallelogram of error such as that in Figure 7.2a; the location lies somewhere inside this parallelogram.
In Figure 7.2a, the error in range
The long diagonal m.
The short diagonal m.
To get the figure for we merely reverse the arrow on or ; therefore the error values are the same as for .
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|Characteristics of seismic events||Reflection field methods|
Also in this chapter
- Radiolocation errors because of velocity variations
- Effect of station angle on location errors
- Transit satellite navigation
- Effective penetration of profiler sources
- Directivity of linear sources
- Sosie method
- Energy from an air-gun array
- Dominant frequencies of marine sources
- Effect of coil inductance on geophone equation
- Streamer feathering due to cross-currents
- Filtering effect of geophones and amplifiers
- Filter effects on waveshape
- Effect of filtering on event picking
- Binary numbers