Imaging beneath irregular water bottom in the Northwest Shelf of Australia

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Seismic Data Analysis
Seismic-data-analysis.jpg
Series Investigations in Geophysics
Author Öz Yilmaz
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1190/1.9781560801580
ISBN ISBN 978-1-56080-094-1
Store SEG Online Store


The third 2-D case study for structural inversion is from the Northwest Shelf of Australia. This case study deals with the deleterious effect of an irregular water-bottom topography, which is associated with a reef, on the geometry of the underlying reflectors. Shown in Figure 10.3-1 is the CMP-stacked section. The elevation difference between the top and base of the reef is nearly 500 m, and the lateral extent of the reef is about 7.5 km. Note the typical pull-up effect on the reflections below.

The water-bottom reef causes anomalous behavior in the stacking velocity field as seen in Figure 10.3-2. Time migration using a smoothed form of the stacking velocity field produces a distorted image of the subsurface (Figure 10.3-3). Note, for instance, the typical overmigration character below the reef edges.

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Imaging beneath irregular water bottom in the Northwest Shelf of Australia
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