# Gap deconvolution

Series | Geophysical References Series |
---|---|

Title | Digital Imaging and Deconvolution: The ABCs of Seismic Exploration and Processing |

Author | Enders A. Robinson and Sven Treitel |

Chapter | 10 |

DOI | http://dx.doi.org/10.1190/1.9781560801610 |

ISBN | 9781560801481 |

Store | SEG Online Store |

In gap deconvolution, one more step must be added to spiking deconvolution. This step amounts to reaveraging the prediction errors (namely, the reflectivity series). We now describe the head filter and the tail filter and explain their relationship to gap deconvolution.

The first step in understanding gap deconvolution requires splitting the minimum-phase wavelet *b* into two parts. One part is the head,

**(**)

The head consists of the first coefficients, with in time spot 0. The second part is the tail,

**(**)

The tail consists of the remaining coefficients, advanced in time so that occurs in time spot 0. Hence, the tail must be delayed in the reconstruction of the wavelet given by

**(**)

Given the minimum-phase wavelet (which is obtained as the inverse of the spiking-deconvolution filter), we have three ways to compute the gap-deconvolution operator. They are the *head-filtering method*, the *tail-shaping method*, and the *head-shaping method*.

Let the minimum-phase wavelet be the input to a prediction filter with prediction distance . At each time index, the filter tries to predict the value of the input, time units ahead. Thus, at time instant 0, the filter tries to predict . At time instant 1, the filter tries to predict . At time instant 2, the filter tries to predict , and so on. However, these values make up the tail. Thus, the desired output of the prediction filter is the tail of the minimum-phase wavelet. We therefore can find the *prediction filter* by merely convolving the spiking filter with the tail; that is,

**(**)

For further discussion, see Robinson (1954^{[1]}), in which his equation 5.332 is the same as our equation **32** here. The corresponding prediction-error filter given by equation **13** in the present case becomes

**(**)

The head of the wavelet gives us what we might call the unreachable prediction error for the prediction-error filter.

Let us now find another expression for the prediction-error filter. Because , the prediction-error filter as given by equation **33** can be written as

**(**)

However, equation **31** gives

**(**)

Thus, the prediction-error filter, as given by equation **34**, becomes

**(**)

## References

- ↑ Robinson, E. A., 1954, Predictive decomposition of time series with applications to seismic exploration: Ph.D. thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. (Reprinted in Geophysics,
**32**, 418-484, 1967.)

## Continue reading

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Spiking deconvolution | Tail shaping and head shaping |

Previous chapter | Next chapter |

Wavelet Processing | Fine Points |

## Also in this chapter

- Model used for deconvolution
- Least-squares prediction and smoothing
- The prediction-error filter
- Spiking deconvolution
- Tail shaping and head shaping
- Seismic deconvolution
- Piecemeal convolutional model
- Time-varying convolutional model
- Random-reflection-coefficient model
- Implementing deconvolution
- Canonical representation
- Appendix J: Exercises