Tornadoes are among one of the most dangerous natural natural disasters to occur on this planet. Tornadoes occur when violent rotating columns of air mix from different climates. The mixture of moist warm air and crisp cold air makes the super cells in a thunderstorm collide and form a small twister. As the winds pick up, so does the twister. Tornadoes can be a meter in width to one hundred meters in width. Wind speeds of 70 to 200+ miles per hour makes these massive storms very dangerous. Anything in the path of these storms will be destroyed whether it is a community or crops in fields. Tornadoes can also fatal to humans.
Birth of a tornado
Tornadoes are large super storms that form based off different climates colliding with one another. They generate high wind speeds that could destroy anything in its path, including living organisms.
How tornadoes form
A tornado is violent rotating columns of air that mix from different climates form a tornado. The mixture of moist warm air and crisp cold air makes the super cells in a thunderstorm collide and form a small twister. As the winds pick up, so does the twister. They could be a meter in width, or a dangerously one hundred meters in width. The growth of the twister revolves around the wind speeds inside the thunderstorm. Within the cloud, you will see a small vortex forming closer to the base of the cloud. The twister of air then travels to the ground and once it hits ground level, we then call it a tornado. To make tornadoes more stable, there will have to be a warming throughout the atmosphere.
Categories of super storms
The EF category depends on how fast the winds are traveling because of the tornado. EF stands for Enhanced Fujita, which is broken down into five categories. An EF-0 tornado ranges from 65-85 mph winds. An EF-1 ranges from 86-110 miles per hour. EF-2 ranges from around 110-135 miles per hour. EF-3 ranges from 136-165 miles per hour. The EF-3 category storm is among the most common in the United States. An EF-4 storm ranges from around 166-200 miles per hour. Finally, the mother of all tornadoes, the EF-5. This storms wind speed exceeds 200 miles per hour.
In the world, the United States leads with the most tornados on average a year, followed by Canada, Bangladesh, and Italy. Yet, the United States makes up 75% of all tornadoes in the world. However, tornadoes can happen anywhere; they are completely random as to where they pop up. Although the busiest times of the year for tornadoes is May and June, there have been records of tornadoes occurring throughout the fall months as well. These random tornadoes form by the changes in different climates joining. Some are much bigger than others. Most of these tornadoes occur in a part of the United States defined as Tornado Alley.
Where these storms take place
Oklahoma happens to be in the middle of Tornado Alley. Over the past 60 years, an estimated 111 tornadoes ripped through Caddo County. Very unlucky right? The rest of Oklahoma is not very lucky as well. The blame of these tornadoes occurring so frequent in Oklahoma is because of where it is located geographically. The humid air coming from the Gulf of Mexico collides with the dry cool are coming from the west, causing the tornadoes to form. The Colorado Front Range is peaks at nearly 13,000 feet above sea level, which provides low pressure, which draws the dry air. This is why tornadoes occur more often in Oklahoma than the rest of the world..
One example of a huge tornado is one in 2014 ripped through Arkansas just ten miles outside of Little Rock with a tornado path of 80 miles long. The tornado was brewing during the day but did not touch ground until around 7 pm. Nobody knew the outcome until sunrise the next morning. According to meteorologist Jeff Hood, this tornado was an EF3 storm, ranging around 135 to about 160 mile per hour wind speeds. The half-mile wide tornado ripped through towns destroying everything in its path. The storm wrecked homes, cars, tractor-trailers, businesses, and even a brand new 14 million dollar school. The town of Mayflower got the worst of the storm, before it moved on into the open plains. People were pulling over on the highway and ran for houses to keep shelter in. While people were in their storm cellars, witnesses say that the men were holding the doors shut as the storm tried to rip them open. Rolling and roaring noises were best describing the storm. Trees and telephone poles were bending and ripping apart. In the end of the mix, 17 people were killed because of the storm, along with millions of dollars of damages and destroyed properties.
On May 20, 2013, a huge tornado wiped out the entire city of Moore, Oklahoma, along with several other communities in the tornado pathway. After three weeks of searching for casualties, 20 people were found dead in the destroyed towns. Tornado looters traveling from New York and Virginia made their way southwest to the community of Moore in Oklahoma. Tornado looters are people that arrive at a place in which a disaster tornado has occurred. These people go through destroyed property in search of other people’s valuables. This action is illegal.
Other closely related articles in this wiki include:
- Bentley, L. (2013, May 21). Explainer: Why Do Tornadoes Occur And Why Are We Seeing More Of Them? Retrieved from http://www.rferl.org/content/what-is-a-tornado-explainer/24992789.html Accessed on October 29, 2015
- Boling, C. (2015, July 10). Tornadoes Around The World. Retrieved from http://wnct.com/blog/2015/07/10/tornadoes-around-the-world/ Accessed on October 29, 2015
- Morton, M. (2012, April 2). Foretelling next month’s tornadoes | EARTH Magazine. Retrieved from http://www.earthmagazine.org/article/foretelling-next-months-tornadoes Accessed on October 29, 2015
- Wheeler, J. (2014, June 9). Tornado Capital of the World. Retrieved from http://www.wday.com/content/tornado-capital-world] Accessed on November 10 2015
- DeMllo, A., & Huynh, C. (2014, April 28). Tornado damage: 80-mile path of destruction through Arkansas. Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved from http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Latest-News-Wires/2014/0428/Tornado-damage-80-mile-path-of-destruction-through-Arkansas] Accessed on November 10 2015
- [Burgess, T. (2013, June 9). Tornado looters from New York, Virginia arrested for looting after Moore tornado. Retrieved from http://www.examiner.com/article/tornado-looters-from-new-york-virginia-arrested-for-looting-after-moore-tornado] Accessed on November 10 2015
- Tornadoes and Tornado Forecasting and Warnings - from Encyclopedia of Earth
- Tornadoes collection - from National Geographic Education
- Severe weather - Tornadoes 101 - from NOAA's National Severe Storms Laboratory
- Tornado Science/National Geographic
- Birth of a Tornado
- Baseball Sized Hail
- Fire Tornado