Translations:Layer-cake model/12/en

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Geophysics has become even more exciting as it has evolved. By the 1970s, geophysicists confirmed that seismic data could reveal information not only about geologic structure but also about lithology. By using such things as wave patterns, frequency content, and strengths as well as reflection continuity and terminations, geophysicists could find important clues about rock types and depositional environments. Thus, the disciplines known as seismic stratigraphy (Vail, 1977[1]) and sequence stratigraphy (Van Wagoner et al., 1988[2]) were born. Geology and geophysics had found common ground on which exploration could and did achieve new heights (Sangree and Widmier, 1979[3]; Mallick, 2007[4]).

  1. Vail, P. R., R. M. Mitchum, and S. Thompson, 1977, Seismic stratigraphy and global changes of sea level, part 3: Relative changes of sea level from coastal onlap, in C. E. Payton, ed., Seismic stratigraphy — Applications to hydrocarbon exploration: AAPG Memoir 26, 63–81.
  2. Van Wagoner, J. C., H. W. Posamentier, R. M. Mitchum, P. R. Vail, J. F. Sarg, T. S. Loutit, and J. Hardenbol, 1988, An overview of the fundamentals of sequence stratigraphy and key definitions, in C. K. Wilgus, C. A. Ross, and H. Posamentier, eds., Sea-level changes: An integrated approach: SEPM Special Publications 42, 39–46.
  3. Sangree, J. B., and J. M. Widmier, 1979, Interpretation of depositional facies from seismic data: Geophysics, 44, no. 2, 131–160.
  4. Mallick, S., 2007, Amplitude-variation-with-offset, elastic-impedance, and wave-equation synthetics — A modeling study: Geophysics, 72, no. 1, C1–C7.