where is bulk density given in g/cm3, is P-wave velocity given in ft/s, and and are empirically derived constants that depend on the geology. Gardner et al. proposed that one can obtain a good fit by taking and . Assuming this, the equation is reduced to:
- ↑ Gardner, G.H.F.; Gardner L.W. & Gregory A.R. (1974). "Formation velocity and density -- the diagnostic basics for stratigraphic traps". Geophysics 39: 770–780. doi:10.1190/1.1440465.