Translations:Dictionary:Coriolis acceleration/2/en

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1. A velocity-dependent acceleration in a reference frame that is moving with respect to an inertial reference frame. Specifically, the acceleration of a body in motion with respect to the Earth resulting from the rotation of the Earth, as seen by an observer on the Earth. The Coriolis acceleration on a body moving on the surface of the Earth with a velocity V is where =angular rotation of the Earth and is the latitude. A Coriolis acceleration of a moving gravimeter is involved in the E'o'tv'o's effect (q.v.). Named for Gustave Gaspard Coriolis (1792-1843), French mathematician.