Surface-related multiple elimination

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Surface-related multiple elimination (SRME) is an algorithm that predicts all surface multiples by a convolutional process applied to seismic field data with minimal preprocessing. Once predicted, the multiples are removed from the data by adaptive subtraction.[1].


SRME was introduced to industry by the Delphi Consortium at Delft University of Technology in 1992 by Eric Verschuur[2]. The historical development of this method starts with Nigel A. Anstey and Paul Newman who observed that with the autoconvolution of a trace, primary events were transformed into multiples[3].

Development timeline


  1. Dragoset, Bill; Verschuur, Eric; Moore, Ian; Bisley, Richard (2010). "A perspective on 3D surface-related multiple elimination". Geophysics 75 (5): 245-261. doi:10.1190/1.3475413.
  2. Verschuur, D. J; Berkhout, A. J; Wapenaar, C. P. A (1992). "Adaptive surface‐related multiple elimination". Geophysics 57 (9): 1166-1177. doi:10.1190/1.1443330.
  3. Anstey, N. A.; Newman, P. (1966). "The sectional auto-correlogram and the sectional retro-correlogram". Geophysical Prospecting 14 (s2): 389–426. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2478.1966.tb02057.x. ISSN 0016-8025.

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Surface-related multiple elimination
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