Dictionary:Kernel function

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1. For any linear transform,

K(x,ξ) is the 'kernel'. 2. A mathematical function of resistivity and depth that can be calculated from apparent resistivity data, from which one tries to derive the resistivity stratification. Koefoed (1965, 568–591[1]) derives the kernel function for Schlumberger-configuration data and Paul (1968, 159–162[2]) for Wenner-configuration data. The derivation of resistivity stratification from the kernel is shown by Pekeris (1940[3]) and Vozoff (1956[4]). The electric potential V at the surface of a horizontally layered earth because of a dc point-source that is also located at the surface was expressed by Stefanesco in 1930 as a Hankel integral:

where r is the distance from the point source to the observation point, Jo(λ r) is a Bessel function, λ is a phantom variable of integration, C is a constant, and K(λ) is the kernel function. Also called Stefanesco function.



  1. Koefoed, O., 1965, Direct methods of interpreting resistivity observations: Geophys. Prosp., 13, 568–591.
  2. Paul, M. K., 1968, Notes on ‘‘Direct interpretation of resistivity profiles for Wenner electrode configuration’’ by O. Koefoed: Geophys. Prosp., 16, 159–162.
  3. Pekeris, C. L., 1940, Direct method of interpretation in resistivity prospecting: Geophysics, 5, 31–42.
  4. Vozoff, K., 1956, Numerical resistivity analysis: Horizontal layers: Geophysics, 23, 536–556.
  5. Whaley, J., 2017, Oil in the Heart of South America, https://www.geoexpro.com/articles/2017/10/oil-in-the-heart-of-south-america], accessed November 15, 2021.
  6. Wiens, F., 1995, Phanerozoic Tectonics and Sedimentation of The Chaco Basin, Paraguay. Its Hydrocarbon Potential: Geoconsultores, 2-27, accessed November 15, 2021; https://www.researchgate.net/publication/281348744_Phanerozoic_tectonics_and_sedimentation_in_the_Chaco_Basin_of_Paraguay_with_comments_on_hydrocarbon_potential
  7. Alfredo, Carlos, and Clebsch Kuhn. “The Geological Evolution of the Paraguayan Chaco.” TTU DSpace Home. Texas Tech University, August 1, 1991. https://ttu-ir.tdl.org/handle/2346/9214?show=full.