# Dip moveout processing

Dip moveout processing, or DMO, is a seismic processing operation to correct for the fact that, for dipping reflections, the component traces of a CMP gather do not involve a common reflecting point.

Dip-moveout processing creates apparent common-reflection-point gathers by a convolution applied to adjacent common-midpoint gathers, with the feature that the moveout with offset for reflections from a dipping bed no longer depend on the dip angle (see Figure C-9b).

DMO effectively corrects for the reflection-point smear that results when dipping reflectors are stacked by the CMP method. After DMO is applied, events with various dips stack with the same velocity.

DMO stands for dip moveout, but it is different from the classical dip moveout that is simply the effect of dip on arrival times.

DMO can be performed in a number of ways, including prestack partial migration^{[1]}, time-domain, finite-difference methods (**offset continuation**)^{[2]}, Fourier-domain implementation^{[3]}, integral (Kirchhoff) methods^{[4]}.

Velocity-dependent DMO is usually applied after velocity-dependent NMO. **Gardner’s DMO** ^{[6]} applies velocity-independent DMO prior to velocity-dependent NMO. See Figure D-20 and *double square-root equation*.

## References

- ↑ Yilmaz, O; Claerbout, J. F (1980). "Partial prestack migration".
*Geophysics***45**(12): 1753–1779. doi:10.1190/1.1441064. - ↑ Bolondi, G; Loinger, E; Rocca, F (1982). "Offset continuation of seismic sections".
*Geophysical Prospecting***30**(6): 813–828. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2478.1982.tb01340.x. - ↑ Hale, Dave (1984). "Dip‐moveout by Fourier transform".
*Geophysics***49**(6): 741-757. doi:10.1190/1.1441702. - ↑ Deregowski, S. M.; Hosken, W. J. (1985). "tutorial: Migration strategy".
*Geophysical Prospecting***33**(1): 1-33. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2478.1985.tb00419.x. - ↑ Deregowski, S. M. (1986). "What is DMO".
*First Break***4**(7): 7–24. doi:10.3997/1365-2397.1986014. - ↑ Forel, David; Gardner, Gerald H. F. (1988). "A three‐dimensional perspective on two‐dimensional dip moveout".
*Geophysics***53**(5): 604-610. doi:10.1190/1.1442495.