(gous) The cgs-emu unit of magnetic induction (or flux density) B. It is a measure of the magnetic force per unit area. 1 gauss=1 maxwell/cm2=105 gamma=10–4 tesla=10–4 weber/m2. ‘‘Gauss’’ is also used in the cgs system as a unit for magnetization, or dipole moment per unit volume. In cgs units, a magnetizing force (in oersteds) gives rise to a flux density or field (in gauss), with the values being equal in magnitude if in free space. Named for Karl Friedrich Gauss (1777–1855), German mathematician and natural philosopher.