Thickness is measured at right angles to the surface of the seam or bed and thus independently of its spatial orientation. The concept of thickness came originally from mining language, where it was used mainly to indicate the workability of seams. It has since become an established term in earth science, for example in geology, for the depth of sedimentary rocks, in hydrogeology for the vertical extent of groundwater – i.e. the distance from the base of the groundwater layer to its surface – or in soil science for the vertical extent of soil horizons.
A bed is the smallest lithostratigraphic unit, usually ranging in thickness from a centimeter to several meters and distinguishable from beds above and below it. The thickness of the bed is determined by the time period involving the deposition of the rocks.
- Very Thick Bed - 100cm
- Thick Bed - 30cm
- Medium Bed - 10cm
- Thin Bed - 3cm
- Very Thin Bed - 1cm
- Thinner than 1cm is called a Lamina
- Walter Bischoff, Heinz Bramann, Westfälische Berggewerkschaftskasse Bochum: Das kleine Bergbaulexikon. 7th edn., Verlag Glückauf GmbH, Essen, 1988, Template:ISBN.
- Heinz Kundel: Kohlengewinnung. 6. Auflage, Verlag Glückauf GmbH, Essen, 1983, Template:ISBN.
- Lamina, Laminaset, Bed and Bedset. Campbell, Charles V. Sedimentology, vol. 8, issue 1, pp. 7-26.