5D reconstruction

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5D reconstruction has become a mature technology in the past decade because it is widely used for wide azimuth measurements. This method is called 5D interpolation because it runs on five dimensions of seismic data, a time dimension and four spatial dimensions.The four spatial dimensions are either inline/crossline/inline-offset/crossline-offset, or, inline/crossline/offset/azimuth, and time dimension can be expressed in frequency. Choosing inline-offset and crossline-offset as spatial dimensions leads to a Common Offset Vector (COV) or Offset Vector Tile (OVT) description of the data.

Figure 1: An example of Stack Before 5D Interpolation[1].
Figure2: An example of Stack After 5D Interpolation[1].

5D reconstruction are by far the most commonly used for interpolation and denoising of seismic data.

References

External links

https://csegrecorder.com/articles/view/five-dimensional-interpolation-new-directions-and-challenges