Difference between revisions of "United States Environmental Protection Agency"

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Revision as of 13:10, 30 March 2016

The “EPA” or “Environmental Protection Agency” was created in 1970 by Nixon to protect human health and the environment. The EPA wrote and instilled laws in the United States to highlight the growing concerns of climate change in our environment. The current administrator of the United States EPA is Gina McCarthy. Although the headquarter occupy one office in Washington D.C., The EPA has ten regional offices that govern different units that consist of several or so states. The EPA is concerned about the quality of air, land, water, and life of all living organisms. It enacts laws and promotes sustainable green living to counteract the damage of climate change and to preserve life and the environment that surrounds it.

History

In the 1960’s, attention toward the growing concerns of environmental pollution were being drawn to the public. The public became aware of the harm pesticides and other pollutants were causing to the environment and their health through many publications at the time, for example Rachel Carson’s novel Silent Spring. Activists began to arise striving for a clean and sustainable future for the country.

To start of the 1970’s, president Richard Nixon signed the National Environmental Policy Act. The NEPA had three main objectives and those were to: gather intelligence on ecosystems and important natural resources, to halt and reverse the damage caused to the environment as well as public health, and promote a mutually beneficial and productive environment for man and nature. The 22nd of April in 1970 marked the first earth day, which consisted of around 20 million Americans spending the day outside celebrating environmental reform.

On December 2, 1970, president Richard Nixon signed an executive order that thereby established the Environmental Protection Agency which is led by a presidentially appointed administrator. It was decided that an independent agency was necessary in order to avoid bias other bodies of government may have in decision making. The EPA was formed from multiple programs from different departments. The department of Health, Education, and Welfare transferred some parts of the Bureau of Radiological Health, the bureaus of Water Hygiene, as well as the National Air Pollution Control Administration. The EPA also gained control of regulating the tolerance levels of pesticides from the Food and Drug Administration. Some functions of the Department of the Interior were delegated to the EPA such as: the Federal Water Quality Administration and some of its research responsibilities towards pesticides. The EPA took control of setting radiation standards and criteria from the Atomic Energy Commission and the Federal Radiation Council. The Department of Agriculture handed over pesticide registration to the EPA.

Subheading

In longer articles, it may make sense to have another level of headings. There are not many occasions when you will need to use H4 headings (four = signs), so don't go there unless it's unavoidable. Never use more than four.[1]

Second heading

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You can add as many sections as you think you need to 'spiral out' from the core of the topic. Use judgment to decide when to split out a separate article.

Subheading

In longer articles, it may make sense to have another level of headings. There are not many occasions when you will need to use H4 headings (four = signs), so don't go there unless it's unavoidable. Never use more than four.[2]

See also

Other closely related articles in this wiki include:

References

  1. Matt Hall, 2013, pers. comm. Sorry, this is the best reference I can find.
  2. Matt Hall, 2013, pers. comm. Sorry, this is the best reference I can find.


External links

Relevant online sources to this wiki article include:

  • The home page of Penn State Brandywine, the home of the EARTH 100 wiki article writers!
  • Encyclopedia of Earth - one of the sites I want you to explore to look for supporting articles.
  • You should also search the websites for NASA, NOAA, USGS, EPA, and the National Geographic Education Encyclopedia.
  • Please DO NOT list the long URLs here! Let the user hover over text to get to a website (such as the examples provided above).