Difference between revisions of "Fossil fuel"

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Fossil Fuel which became extensively used in countries around the world by the 19th Century, is a Non- renewable form of Energy that meets about 85 percent of the energy demands of the United States of America. The three types of Fossil Fuel are coal, petroleum, and natural gas. Fossil fuel makes our daily life possible, it helps in the production if commercial goods.  
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Fossil fuel, which became extensively used in countries around the world by the 19th Century, is a non-renewable form of energy that meets about 85 percent of the energy demands of the United States of America.<ref>Environment, A. (2009, June 30). The High Cost of Fossil Fuels. Retrieved February 3, 2016, from http://www.environmentamerica.org/reports/ame/high-cost-fossil-fuels </ref> The three types of fossil fuel are coal, petroleum, and natural gas. Fossil fuel makes our daily life possible, it helps in the production of commercial goods.  
  
== How is Fossil Fuel Used ==
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== How is fossil fuel used ==
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[[File:1024px-Scholven_Powerplant.jpg|thumb|left| Fossil fuel plant[https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Scholven_Powerplant.jpg - Sebastian Schlüter]]]
 
There are three type of fossil fuel that could be used for different purposes as listed below
 
There are three type of fossil fuel that could be used for different purposes as listed below
 
=== Oil ===
 
=== Oil ===
naturally extracted from the ground, then refined in refineries, it is known as the world’s primary source of transportation. After being refined by oil companies, Oil can be transformed into commercial products that we use every day such as Pesticides, fertilizers that are used for Agriculture; also it could be used in the production of plastics. It could be used in the making of asphalt for roads, fuel for cars and jets, the lubricants that we use (Grease) and many more.
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Naturally extracted from the ground, then refined in refineries, it is known as the world’s primary source of transportation. After being refined by oil companies, oil can be transformed into commercial products that we use every day such as; Pesticides, agriculture fertilizers, and the production of plastics. Oil is also used in the making of asphalt for roads, fuel for cars and jets, lubricants such as grease, and many more.<ref name=Conserve>Renewable & Non-Renewable Energy Sources - Conserve Energy Future. (n.d.). Retrieved March 4, 2016, from http://www.conserve-energy-future.com/ </ref>
  
 
=== Coal ===
 
=== Coal ===
This form of fossil fuel that is mined from mines around the United States; this form of fossil fuel is used to generate electrical power.  Coal is also responsible for the 39 percent of electricity supply in United States in 2014. It is very diverse in its use. Its use could range from generic electricity generation to electrical utilities that are used in our homes. It could also be used to make steel and cement.   
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This form of fossil fuel is mined from the ground around the world; this form of fossil fuel is used to generate electrical power.  Coal is responsible for 39 percent of the electricity supply in United States as of 2014. <ref name=EESI> Fossil Fuels | EESI. (2015). Retrieved February 8, 2016, from http://www.eesi.org/topics/fossil-fuels/description </ref>  It is very diverse in its use. Its use could range from generic electricity generation to electrical utilities that are used in our homes. It could also be used to make steel and cement. <ref name=Conserve />
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  [[File:imgres.png|thumb|right| Coal Stem cycle [https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4a/Coal_fired_power_plant_diagram.svg/2000px-Coal_fired_power_plant_diagram.svg.png - Tennessee Valley Authority]]]
  
=== Natural Gas ===
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=== Natural gas ===
The last form of fossil fuel, which could be used in our homes for cooking, heating and powering air conditioning, accounted for 27 percent of Energy use in the United States in 2014. This form of gas has its highest demand in the winter periods because consumers use this form of energy to heat their homes.
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The third form of fossil fuel, drilled from the same well as oil and later removed through distillation process. This types of fossil fuel burns cleaner than oil and coal. Natural gas could be used in our homes for cooking, heating and powering air conditioning, accounted for 27 percent of energy use in the United States as of 2014.<ref name=EESI /> This form of gas has its highest demand in the winter periods because consumers use this form of energy to heat their homes.<ref name=Conserve /> There are different types of natural gases commonly used in our everyday operations such as methane, propane, butane, and ethane. <ref>Natural Gas. (2015, November 20). Retrieved April 05, 2016, from http://www.phmc.state.pa.us/portal/communities/energy/natural-gas.html</ref>
  
== How Is Fossil Fuel Produced ==
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== How Is fossil fuel produced ==
Fossil fuels were formed millions of years ago, there are different types of fuels which were formed by dead plants and animals. Some scientists refer to this as “organic matter” which is carbon-based matter on Earth. The only problem with using these resources is that they are non-renewable and they are very hard to replace once they are gone. Many of the carbon compounds are combustible which means they can be used to release heat energy. Different types of fossil fuels are formed depending on what was decomposed. The changes and movement of the earth cause pressure and heat to cook the organic material and form natural gas. The same forces cause coal to form.
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Fossil fuels were formed millions of years ago, there are different types of fuels which were formed by dead plants and animals. Some scientists refer to this as “organic matter” which is carbon-based matter on Earth. The only problem with using these resources is that they are non-renewable and they are very hard to replace once they are gone. Many of the carbon compounds are combustible which means they can be used to release heat energy. Different types of fossil fuels are formed depending on what was decomposed. The changes and movement of the earth cause pressure and heat to cook the organic material and form natural gas. The same forces cause coal to form. <ref> George Viebranz. (n.d.). How Were Fossil Fuels Formed? Retrieved March 4, 2016, from http://ww2.kqed.org/quest/2013/12/20/how-were-fossil-fuels-formed-part-1-of-5/ </ref>
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== Environmental effects ==
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As seen in earlier paragraph, United States and, most of the world has high depends on Fossil fuel. Our over reliance on fossil fuel is leading to air pollution and global warming. The burning of fossil fuel is releasing carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxide and many other gases that are harmful to our environment. Due to an increases in the emission of these harmful gases the atmosphere on earth is warming at a very dangerous rate; in recent times we have reached the hottest period in the last couple years, and this is all attributed to the use of fossil fuel. <ref> Environment, A. (2009, June 30). The High Cost of Fossil Fuels. Retrieved February 3, 2016, from http://www.environmentamerica.org/reports/ame/high-cost-fossil-fuels </ref>
  
 
== See also ==
 
== See also ==
 
Other closely related articles in this wiki include:  
 
Other closely related articles in this wiki include:  
  
* [[Earthquake]]
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* [[El Niño]]
* [[Earth system science]]
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* [[Fuel cells]]
* [[Solar energy]]
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* [[Wind farm]]
 
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* [[Oil shale]]
  
 
== References ==
 
== References ==
 
 
{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
  
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== External links ==
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Relevant online sources to this wiki article include:
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*[http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/CarbonCycle/page4.php Carbon Cycle]
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*[http://climate.nasa.gov/causes/ Climate Change]
  
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*[http://climate.nasa.gov/news/903/ Climate change Vital Signs]
  
== External links ==
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*[http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?feature=2001 The Human Factor]
Relevant online sources to this wiki article include:
 
  
* The home page of [http://www.bw.psu.edu/ Penn State Brandywine], the home of the EARTH 100 wiki article writers!
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{{search}}
* [http://www.eoearth.org/ Encyclopedia of Earth] - one of the sites I want you to explore to look for supporting articles.
 
* You should also search the websites for NASA, NOAA, USGS, EPA, and the [http://education.nationalgeographic.com/encyclopedia/ National Geographic Education Encyclopedia].
 
* Please DO NOT list the long URLs here! Let the user hover over text to get to a website (such as the examples provided above).
 
  
 
[[Category: Basics]]
 
[[Category: Basics]]

Latest revision as of 08:54, 28 March 2017

Fossil fuel, which became extensively used in countries around the world by the 19th Century, is a non-renewable form of energy that meets about 85 percent of the energy demands of the United States of America.[1] The three types of fossil fuel are coal, petroleum, and natural gas. Fossil fuel makes our daily life possible, it helps in the production of commercial goods.

How is fossil fuel used

Fossil fuel plant- Sebastian Schlüter

There are three type of fossil fuel that could be used for different purposes as listed below

Oil

Naturally extracted from the ground, then refined in refineries, it is known as the world’s primary source of transportation. After being refined by oil companies, oil can be transformed into commercial products that we use every day such as; Pesticides, agriculture fertilizers, and the production of plastics. Oil is also used in the making of asphalt for roads, fuel for cars and jets, lubricants such as grease, and many more.[2]

Coal

This form of fossil fuel is mined from the ground around the world; this form of fossil fuel is used to generate electrical power. Coal is responsible for 39 percent of the electricity supply in United States as of 2014. [3] It is very diverse in its use. Its use could range from generic electricity generation to electrical utilities that are used in our homes. It could also be used to make steel and cement. [2]

Natural gas

The third form of fossil fuel, drilled from the same well as oil and later removed through distillation process. This types of fossil fuel burns cleaner than oil and coal. Natural gas could be used in our homes for cooking, heating and powering air conditioning, accounted for 27 percent of energy use in the United States as of 2014.[3] This form of gas has its highest demand in the winter periods because consumers use this form of energy to heat their homes.[2] There are different types of natural gases commonly used in our everyday operations such as methane, propane, butane, and ethane. [4]

How Is fossil fuel produced

Fossil fuels were formed millions of years ago, there are different types of fuels which were formed by dead plants and animals. Some scientists refer to this as “organic matter” which is carbon-based matter on Earth. The only problem with using these resources is that they are non-renewable and they are very hard to replace once they are gone. Many of the carbon compounds are combustible which means they can be used to release heat energy. Different types of fossil fuels are formed depending on what was decomposed. The changes and movement of the earth cause pressure and heat to cook the organic material and form natural gas. The same forces cause coal to form. [5]

Environmental effects

As seen in earlier paragraph, United States and, most of the world has high depends on Fossil fuel. Our over reliance on fossil fuel is leading to air pollution and global warming. The burning of fossil fuel is releasing carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxide and many other gases that are harmful to our environment. Due to an increases in the emission of these harmful gases the atmosphere on earth is warming at a very dangerous rate; in recent times we have reached the hottest period in the last couple years, and this is all attributed to the use of fossil fuel. [6]

See also

Other closely related articles in this wiki include:

References

  1. Environment, A. (2009, June 30). The High Cost of Fossil Fuels. Retrieved February 3, 2016, from http://www.environmentamerica.org/reports/ame/high-cost-fossil-fuels
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Renewable & Non-Renewable Energy Sources - Conserve Energy Future. (n.d.). Retrieved March 4, 2016, from http://www.conserve-energy-future.com/
  3. 3.0 3.1 Fossil Fuels | EESI. (2015). Retrieved February 8, 2016, from http://www.eesi.org/topics/fossil-fuels/description
  4. Natural Gas. (2015, November 20). Retrieved April 05, 2016, from http://www.phmc.state.pa.us/portal/communities/energy/natural-gas.html
  5. George Viebranz. (n.d.). How Were Fossil Fuels Formed? Retrieved March 4, 2016, from http://ww2.kqed.org/quest/2013/12/20/how-were-fossil-fuels-formed-part-1-of-5/
  6. Environment, A. (2009, June 30). The High Cost of Fossil Fuels. Retrieved February 3, 2016, from http://www.environmentamerica.org/reports/ame/high-cost-fossil-fuels

External links

Relevant online sources to this wiki article include:

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