This page is currently being authored by a student at the University of Houston. This page will be complete by July 2018.
Fault terminology and characteristics
Source 1: Structural Geology textbook by Haakon Fossen
A fault is "any surface or narrow zone with visible shear displacement along the zone" (Fossen). A fault's displacement is described by its heave in the horizontal axis and throw in the vertical axis. (continued discussion of fault basics required?)
Importance of faults in seismic exploration
Discussion of traps and seals caused by faulting