# Difference between revisions of "Dictionary:Kirchhoff’s laws"

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<b>First law</b>: The vector sum of all currents into any junction point is zero. <b>Second law</b>: The vector sum of all voltages around a closed loop is zero. Kirchhoff’s laws apply to three-dimensional materials such as earth as well as to conventional electrical circuits. Named for Gustav Robert Kirchhoff (1824–1887), German physicist. | <b>First law</b>: The vector sum of all currents into any junction point is zero. <b>Second law</b>: The vector sum of all voltages around a closed loop is zero. Kirchhoff’s laws apply to three-dimensional materials such as earth as well as to conventional electrical circuits. Named for Gustav Robert Kirchhoff (1824–1887), German physicist. | ||

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## Revision as of 19:30, 11 August 2019

**First law**: The vector sum of all currents into any junction point is zero. **Second law**: The vector sum of all voltages around a closed loop is zero. Kirchhoff’s laws apply to three-dimensional materials such as earth as well as to conventional electrical circuits. Named for Gustav Robert Kirchhoff (1824–1887), German physicist.