Sobretiempo por distancia de onda convertida

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With C-wave gathers the moveout will not be symmetric and the arrival time expression is

$t_{C}^{2}=t_{CO}^{2}\left[1+C_{1}\left({\frac {x}{t_{CO}V_{CNMO}}}\right)+{\frac {x^{2}}{t_{CO}^{2}V_{CNMO}^{2}}}+C_{3}\left({\frac {x}{t_{CO}V_{CNMO}}}\right)^{3}-{\frac {C_{4}\left(\displaystyle {\frac {x}{t_{CO}V_{CNMO}}}\right)^{4}}{1+C_{5}\left(\displaystyle {\frac {x}{t_{CO}V_{CNMO}}}\right)^{2}}}\right].$ equation (5.2.5), Thomsen (2002).

The non-hyperbolic moveout coefficent $C_{1}$ tends to be small and may be ignored for large offsets. Nonhyperbolic moveout parameter $C_{3}$ tends to be positive.

The extra coefficient is defined by

$C_{5}={\frac {C_{4}}{\left(1-\displaystyle {\frac {V_{CNMO}^{2}}{V_{P90}^{2}}}\right)}}\qquad {\mbox{where}}\qquad V_{P90}=V_{PNMO}(1+2\eta )$ Thus, the moveout equation involves odd as well as even powers of x (see Thomsen, 2002: 5;1-2).