KFUPM-KAUST Red Sea model
The KFUPM-KAUST Red Sea model was created by Abdullatif A. Al-Shuhail, Wail A. Mousa, and Tariq Alkhalifah, through the support of King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM) and King Abdullah University for Science and Technology (KAUST), and provides interested researchers with seismic imaging of the Red Sea with a high-resolution 2D viscoelastic model and synthetic seismic data set. More details about the model and the data can be obtained from an article published in the June 2017 issue of the The Leading Edge.
The Red Sea is located west of the Arabian Peninsula and extends for about 2000 km from the Gulf of Aqaba in the north to the Bab al-Mandeb Strait in the south (Figure 1). Its width varies, reaching a maximum of 370 km in its middle and a minimum of 30 km in the Bab al-Mandeb Strait. It is a rift system that started 30 Ma ago and continues fragmenting the Arabian-Nubian Shield. It occupies a long northwest-trending basin between the African and Arabian shields and is characterized by steep walls in the axial trough and irregular seafloor topography. The axial trough shows changes in offsets, high-temperature brines, and hydrothermal sediments.
The Red Sea geology is important to study because it is considered an evolving young ocean, and studying it gives insight into the early stages of mature oceans. Furthermore, it contains considerable mineral resources on its floor such as zinc, copper, silver, and gold. Additionally, fair amounts of petroleum resources have been discovered offshore and onshore the Red Sea, and more exploration is currently taking place in it. A major exploration target in the Red Sea is a thick prerift carbonate layer that is usually overlain by a thick salt layer. A major challenge for the seismic imaging of this target is the distortion of seismic waves by the salt layer.
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The authors wish to thank King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) for supporting this research under grant number EE002356. A.A. and W.M. thank King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals (KFUPM) for its continuous support.
- Abdullatif A. Al-Shuhail, Wail A. Mousa, and Tariq Alkhalifah, (2017), KFUPM-KAUST Red Sea model: Digital viscoelastic depth model and synthetic seismic data set: The Leading Edge, 36 (6), June 2017, p306-310. http://dx.doi.org/10.1190/tle36050306.1
- Ligi, M., E. Bonatti, F. Tontini, A. Cipriani, L. Cocchi, A. Schettino, G. Bortoluzzi, V. Ferrante, S. Khalil, N. Mitchell, and N. Rasul, 2011, Initial burst of oceanic crust accretion in the Red Sea due to edge-driven mantle convection: Geology, 39, no. 11, 1019–1022, http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/G32243.1.
- Coleman, R. G., 1974, Geologic background of the Red Sea, in R. B. Whitmarsh, O. E. Weser, and D. A. Ross, eds., Initial Reports of the Deep See Drilling Project: IODP, 813–820
- World Ocean Review, http://worldoceanreview.com/en/wor-3-overview/mineral-resources/massive-sulphides/metal-rich-brines-inthe-red-sea/, accessed 14 August 2016
- Hughes, G. W. G., and R. S. Johnson, 2005, Lithostratigraphy of the Red Sea region: GeoArabia, 10, no. 3, 49–126